Gigabit Passive Optical Network (GPON)

This technology consists of unpowered (passive) optical splitters for network connectivity, which lowers network costs and energy consumption.

Its main characteristic is the use of passive splitters in the fiber distribution network, enabling one single feeding fiber from the provider to serve multiple homes and small businesses.

GPONs offer less costly connections than a standard Ethernet. By using a single fiber cable to serve number of users, the need for hardware decreases. This reduces cost and space necessary to host larger amounts of hardware to support the network.